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Stream 1: reaching conservation goals

People and Nature: Protecting Matschie's Tree Kangaroo on Papua New Guinea’s Huon Peninsula The landscape of the Huon peninsula in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is home to the endemic and endangered Matschie's Tree Kangaroo (Dendrolagus matschiei). The Tree Kangaroo Conservation Program (TKCP) run, by SOS Saves our Species, has expanded from its initial species-specific conservation program to one that also employs skilled local landowners while improving their livelihoods: land-use planning program, empowering local communities for local management. More info: http://www.sospecies.org/sos_projects/mammals/matschies_tree_kangaroo_wpz/ 
Community-based Conservation in Mongolia’s Altai Sayan Eco-region The Altai Mountains, which straddle China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Russia, are a critical habitat for the snow leopard and Argali sheep. The UNDP supported GEF financed project worked with local communities within that area to apply community-based management and conservation strategies that empower herder communities to resolve forest and grassland management problems. Further info: http://erc.undp.org/evaluationadmin/downloaddocument.html?docid=2470 
Return of the Arabian Oryx to Jordan Early in 2002, a small herd of captive bred Arabian Oryx were transported to a special enclosure in Wadi Rum, as part of a long term plan to release them into the protected area. This programme was the first attempt to release them to their native habitat in Jordan, after they became extinct as a result of excessive hunting. The Arabian oryx population in Wadi Rum is now flourishing thanks to the donation of eight male and 12 female oryx by the UAE government in 2009. In five years, the breeding programme has resulted in more than doubling this number to more than 73. Further info: http://rscn.org.jo/orgsite/Portals/0/Reports%20RSCN/Oryx_Harding_etal2007.pdf 

Stream 2: responding to climate change

Marine protected areas – helping to face climate change in Nosy Hara MPA (Madagascar) Nosy Hara is one of the first protected areas in the country to incorporate climate change aspects into its management plan, including the latest monitoring protocols, ensuring that changes such as coral bleaching are noticed and addressed. They also developed adaptation measures such as setting aside more resilient areas of coral reef for temporary fishing closures, planting climate change-resilient crops, or establishing crab fishery reserves. Further info: http://goo.gl/28uDNb 
Reducing the wrath of Hurricane Sandy (EEUU) The Fire Island National Seashore has provided a natural defense to the communities of the south shore of Long Island, New York, for hundreds of years with a robust system of dunes. The force of the storm surge of Hurricane Sandy caused numerous overwashes and resulted in three breaches – where water flows freely between the ocean and the bay. There are few examples where a breach in a barrier island that provides storm protection along a densely populated coastline has deliberately been allowed to remain open to benefit the environment. More info: http://goo.gl/WlBzBX 
Economics of Climate Adaptation in Barbados – facts for decision-making Damage from weather risks already amounts to 6% of GDP per year in some Caribbean countries, according to the study’s results of the Report on the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation in the Caribbean. Early investment in climate resilience is more cost-effective than post-disaster relief. Every dollar invested in the Folkestone Marine Park at Barbados' west coast, for instance, could reduce 20 dollars of hurricane loss. http://media.swissre.com/documents/ECA+Brochure-Final.pdf 

Stream 3: promoting health and wellbeing

Rugezi marshes in Rwanda Thanks to a major restoration project, the Rugezi marshes in Rwanda, protected as a Ramsar Site since 2005, can continue providing food and water to the local communities. In 2005, with the support of the World Bank and the Ramsar Convention, the government started restoring the Rugezi wetlands under the ‘Integrated Management of Critical Ecosystems Project’. In 2008, the recovery was estimated at about US$ 150,000. Further info: http://goo.gl/3lvCsI 
Herbanisation, Cape Town (South Africa) Herbanisation is an open access, medicinal street garden project in Cape Town, South Africa. The project aims to green streetscapes in economically marginalized areas while contributing to the livelihoods of local Rasta/Khoi herbalists and reconnecting community members with medicinal plants. More info: http://livelihoods.org.za/ecology-society/herbanisation-surges-forward-in-seawinds/ 
Quenching the urban thirst, Cape Floral Kingdom Protected Areas (South Africa) Around a third of the world’s biggest cities obtain a large amount of their drinking water from protected areas including national parks and forest reserves. Cape Town, South Africa extracts significant water from the extensive mountain catchment and wilderness areas that now form the Cape Floral Kingdom Protected Areas World Heritage Site. Through the highly innovative Working for Water Programme, management to address alien invasive species and fire risk contributes greatly to water quality and quantity in metropolitan Cape Town, while creating employment and conserving biodiversity. More info: http://www.iucn.org/knowledge/focus/supporting_human_life/?17103/Quenching-the-urban-thirs 

Stream 4: supporting human life

Quenching the urban thirst, Cape Floral Kingdom Protected Areas (South Africa) Around a third of the world’s biggest cities obtain a large amount of their drinking water from protected areas including national parks and forest reserves. Cape Town, South Africa extracts significant water from the extensive mountain catchment and wilderness areas that now form the Cape Floral Kingdom Protected Areas World Heritage Site. Through the highly innovative Working for Water Programme, management to address alien invasive species and fire risk contributes greatly to water quality and quantity in metropolitan Cape Town, while creating employment and conserving biodiversity. More info: http://www.iucn.org/knowledge/focus/supporting_human_life/?17103/Quenching-the-urban-thirs
Forest protection and Livelihoods improvement to face natural disasters in Ekuri, Nigeria The practice of agro-forestry, equitable benefits sharing and poverty reduction as well as community development have been used as solutions in addressing the problems of deforestation, drought, landslide, fire, flood and food insecurity in Ekuri community in Cross River State of Nigeria by the Ekuri Initiative for the Ekuri people. The project won the Equator Prize in 2014. More info: http://goo.gl/shKkHb 
Restoring biodiversity in coastal parks as a community-based climate change strategy, New Zealand A Dunes Restoration Plan for Sumner Beach has been produced with input from local ecologists, landscape architects, plant specialists&nurseries, staff from Christchurch Council, beach users and Sumner community.Restoring biodiversity in coastal parks to address the problem of historical dune degradation provides an example of how native biodiversity can improve wider socio-ecological functions. http://sumnercoastcare.wordpress.com/restoration-plan-sumner-beach/ 

Stream 5: reconciling development challenges

St. Katherine’s medicinal plants association, Egypt The UNDP supported GEF financed Protected Areas Financial Sustainability project in Egypt has helped generate employment opportunities and development of sustainable, local income sources, while contributing to conservation and engaging local communities in natural resource management. The project has supported the Medicinal Plants Association of the St. Catherine Reserve in Sinai. The project won the Equator Prize in 2012. Further info: http://goo.gl/Ed7EGZ 
Kimberley to Cape: the role of protected areas in conserving and sustainably developing Northern Australia The Kimberley to Cape initiative in Northern Australia is working across one quarter of a billion hectares of arguably the largest ecologically intact areas of tropical savannas, rivers and shallow seas in the world and offers a globally significant opportunity in tropical conservation connectivity. Such a network will directly serve the tourism, recreation, grazing, fishing and seafood industries as well as emerging carbon and bioprospecting industries, and create local jobs and enterprises. Further info: http://www.kimberleytocape.net.au
Water Funds for Source Water Protection: Nairobi Water Fund In 2011, The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and their partners in African countries decided to pilot application of the Water Fund Model in African cities where there is increasing water insecurity in dire need of innovative solutions through green infrastructure. The idea of a Water Fund is rapidly gaining traction in Kenya, and a Nairobi Water Fund Steering Committee is now in place to guide and launch the project. A set of priority upper Tana River watersheds has been identified where communities expressed interest in implementing sustainable land and water use practices that can generate meaningful benefits for downstream users. So far, TNC has launched three pilot projects on agricultural lands and a monitoring program to track progress. Further info: http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/africa/explore/nairobi-water-fund.xml 

Stream 6: enhancing diversity and quality of governance

Governments unite to conserve iconic Sargasso Sea (North Atlantic) Governments of Bermuda, the Azores, Monaco, United Kingdom and the United States have signed in March 2014 a declaration committing to the conservation of the Sargasso Sea – a vast patch of mid-Atlantic Ocean known for its unique floating seaweeds. This is the first time an international alliance has been formed to protect this unique haven of marine life. http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/business/bpp_news/?14546/Governments-unite-to-conserve-iconic-Sargasso-Sea 
Palau: Communities Manage Watersheds and Protect Reefs The Republic of Palau, a small nation comprised of over 400 islands in the western Pacific Ocean, in 2003 revealed that the degradation of reefs was a direct result of land-based sediments studies. The creation of the Babeldaob Watershed Alliance (BWA) is representative of this shift, successfully merging the interests of communities, government agencies, conservation practitioners, and traditional leaders to protect entire watershed areas. Further info: http://www.wri.org/palau-communities-manage-watersheds-and-protect-reefs
Intercontinental Mediterranean Biosphere Reserve. Andalusia Intercontinental Mediterranean Biosphere Reserve, Andalusia (Spain)–Morocco is the first example of transcontinental biosphere reserve ever declared. This reserve was declared by the UNESCO in October 2006, and it is also the first of its kind to feature a whole sea within its boundaries. Further info: http://bit.ly/1FqddGY 
Nusa Penida MPA, Indonesia In the western corner of the Coral Triangle biodiversity hotspot, off the coast of Bali, Indonesia, lie the ‘Three Sisters’ – the islands trio Nusa Penida, and smaller Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan. The Coral Triangle Center (CTC) has been closely involved in the establishment and management of a locally-managed marine protected area (MPA) in Nusa Penida.  http://iucn.org/about/work/programmes/gpap_home/pas_gpap/gpap_inpsiringsolutions/?14703/Nusa-Penida-A-Blue-Solution-to-learn-from 
Maldives House Reef A public-private partnership has developed and implemented an innovative approach towards decentralized management and governance of coral reefs in the Maldives by working with resorts to develop and declare their house reefs as privately managed areas. http://iucn.org/about/work/programmes/gpap_home/pas_gpap/gpap_inpsiringsolutions/?16089/Resort-House-Reefs-Maldives-promote-privately-Managed-Marine-Areas

Stream 7: Respecting indigenous and traditional knowledge and culture

Lauru Ridges to Reefs Protected Area Network (Solomon islands) The Lauru Ridges to Reefs Protected Area Network (Lauru PAN) in Choiseul Province, Solomon Islands, is the first Locally Managed Marine Area network in Melanesia. Local communities have full ownership in the establishment of the Lauru Ridges to Reefs Protected Area Network. Sites are set up based on community consensus. For further info: http://goo.gl/dSaOtx 
Of pearls in the sand – reviving a centuries-old water management system in Pakistan In the heart of Balochistan, the karez system -the only source of water for irrigation and human needs in the remote, mountainous dryland- was almost completely abandoned in favour of tube wells, thereby losing also the traditional system, practices and knowledge. There has been a steady fall in aquifer water levels, many of the karez systems have dried up, clogged up or collapsed. IUCN Pakistan has been working on getting people to invest in the karez system again as a sustainable means to tap groundwater resources, and to help implement an Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) model.More infor: http://goo.gl/wJfJb1  
Establishing Indigenous Community Conserved Areas in the Philippines The UNDP supported GEF financed “New Conservation Areas in the Philippines” project (NewCAPP) has worked with the Government of the Philippines and local and indigenous communities to create new conservation areas that are managed by indigenous peoples as a strategy for expanding the existing protected area network to cover more sites of biodiversity importance. Further info: http://goo.gl/gqk5Jk / http://www.newcapp.org/ 

Stream 8: Inspiring a new generation

Voluntary work to protect mangroves and associated ecosystems in Brazil Guapi-Mirim Environmental Protected Area is located in the southeast coast of Brazil. The duty of protecting 14,000 ha of mangroves and bay waters is much lighter if we involve the community in environmental education activities. Volunteers have worked in various actions and environmental education projects. http://pushingboundaries.coalitionwild.org/projects/16/challenge_submissions/118
Environmental education promotes chimpanzee conservation, West Africa The project’s aim is to discourage children living near wild chimpanzee habitats from consuming bush-meat and to enable them to be pro-active in biodiversity conservation. Club P.A.N. is now active in 15 schools around the Taï National Park (TNP) in Côte d’Ivoire and 7 schools in Guinea. www.wildchimps.org/wcf/english/pan/index.html http://clubpan.blogspot.de

Theme 1: Marine

Supporting the development of the resilient eco-city Hoi An: the Cham Islands MPA, Vietnam In 2009, Hoi An officially declared its vision to become an eco-city by 2030. The Marine Protected Area (MPA) allows Hoi An to regulate fishing activities and pollution to protect species and marine resources. The MPA has also supported the development of eco-tourism models to diversify local income sources, proving that environmental protection can also be compatible with economic growth. Further info: http://goo.gl/1aTGw 
Towards an adaptive, community-driven and resilient co-management plan for PKWS, Cambodia The drafting of the co-management plan for the Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary is a process that addresses the need for climate change adaptation in a mangrove area through a participatory approach. Using scientific data and participatory risk assessment approaches at community level, IUCN supported a dialogue platform gathering a wide range of stakeholder inputs to assess and discuss the climate change threats posed to the PKWS sanctuary and local livelihoods. Further info: http://bluesolutions.solutionbuilder.org/solution/551/ 
A Model for Stakeholder Engagement in a National System of MPAs, USA Community-based national marine sanctuary advisory councils advise and make recommendations to US sanctuary (MPA) managers across a system of 14 national marine sanctuaries on management, science, service and stewardship. They serve as liaisons between their community constituents and sanctuaries to increase involvement and reduce conflict. http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/management/ac/welcome.html 

Theme 2: World Heritage

The Great Barrier Reef Strategic Assessment – towards a holistic, long-term approach to protected area management, Australia In light of increasing pressures, and concerns raised by the World Heritage Committee on the impacts of development in 2011, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority worked with the Queensland Government and the Commonwealth Department of the Environment to undertake a comprehensive strategic assessment. This strategic assessment took a comprehensive look at the Reef's values, threats to those values and what is needed to manage and protect them. http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/managing-the-reef/how-the-reefs-managed 
Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park Act, Philippines The Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park (TRNP) Act, enacted in 2010 and cited as one of the world’s best practices in marine environment conservation, showcases the successful management of a remote no-take reserve. The formulation of policies for TRNP involved multiple consultations with a cross section of society from the village to the national level. The consultative process ensured that the affected communities and stakeholders were able to shape the contours of the law, thereby embedding fairness in rule-making and inspiring voluntary compliance.

Theme 3: Capacity Development

Towards sustainable financing of Ukraine’s protected areas The UNDP supported GEF financed project “Strengthening Governance and Financial Sustainability of the National Protected Area System” sought to improve the financial sustainability of Ukraine’s national protected area system. To do this, the project developed a comprehensive national strategy for protected area financing, and introduced business planning for protected areas and piloted options for PA revenue generation. Further info: http://goo.gl/XnGD6P 

Theme 4: New Social Compact

The Foundation of the People of the South Pacific International - Tuvalu The atoll islands of Tuvalu have an average elevation of not more than 3m above mean sea level making the nation highly susceptible to global climate change.. The Foundation of the People of the South Pacific International – Tuvalu presented a project thas was finalist in the Solution Search Contest. The project started scaling up its community-based efforts to the national level as part of the Tuvalu National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), and ensured that atoll island and civil society groups were included in the NAPA consultation process. As a result, the Tuvalu NAPA framework (2012−2016) recognizes the need of strengthening community-based management programs on near-shore marine ecosystems. http://www.solutionsearch.org/contest-application-38   
AVVAI Village Welfare Society - Participatory Vulnerability Assessment, India

The AVVAI Village Welfare Society in India conducted a participatory vulnerability  assessment (VA), where community members self-identified climate risks and adaptation options. The community then prioritized the adaptation options using criteria for vulnerability reduction, local acceptance, feasibility, and cost, as well as positive and negative side effects. The two top options that were selected and implemented were 1) building a 1-km long coastal bund on an existing dune to protect the communities from storm surge, and 2) installing a shutter where the irrigation canals meet the river to protect the community’s ecosystem and agricultural fields from saltwater intrusion. This project won the Contest SEARCH SOLUTION To read more about this adaptation solution, please go to http://solutionsearch.org/contest-application-73 

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